Teeth are the first thing people pay attention to when communicating. The lion’s share of all cases of dental diseases of the oral cavity depends on non-compliance with hygiene requirements from an early age. What should adults do as a preventive measure for children?
The developing immunity of children is unstable to infection and vulnerable to bacterial attacks. Frequent consultations with hygienists during infancy are necessary. Microbes and a favorable acidic environment for their reproduction provoke the carious process. Simple or fast carbohydrates (sugar, chocolate, bakery products made from premium flour, semolina) are destroyed in the oral cavity when chewing and processing with saliva to acid that damages the enamel. These foods should not be used as stand-alone snacks unless refined foods are followed by plant-based, denser-textured foods. The composition of drinking water is extremely important for children’s teeth.
The use of personal oral hygiene products (OOH) for children should be correct, targeted and regular. Brushing your teeth is a simple measure that helps: to cope with the pathogenic microflora; eliminate the existing inflammation of the mucous membrane; create the necessary concentration of fluoride in saliva. Every kid knows to brush his teeth. Oral hygiene in children differs from that in adults. Devices for high-quality cleaning of the oral cavity: brush; paste; dental floss (floss), take, brush, flosset; rinses. The first brush of the baby, which adults will help him to use, should be with a long handle, of the 2nd type of hardness. At its rounded and well-polished end, the bristles should be arranged in 2 rows. When the child himself takes the brush, then its handle should be voluminous, comfortable to grip and hold, no sharp corners. Electric brushes are allowed for a school-age child. Children’s toothpaste should be low in abrasive particles; concentration of fluoride ion from 500 ppm; additional enzymes that help dissolve dental plaque; pH less than 5.5; no bleaching agents.
From 2 to 7 years old, the concentration of fluoride in a child’s toothpaste should increase to 1100 ppm. After reaching the 8th year mark – 1500 ppm. The amount of toothpaste is normally no more than a marigold on the baby’s little finger. You can use dental floss, and from the age of 4, you should teach your child to do this. Brushes are especially necessary when wearing braces, which are used to change the position of individual teeth or to correct
When choosing a balm rinse for children after 6 years old, you need to dwell on those that do not contain alcohol-containing components. It is advisable to use homemade herbal infusions (based on sage, chamomile, oak bark) for mouthwash.
A child’s hygienic habit is established from the moment milk teeth appear.
Adults wipe the baby’s mouth with a weak solution of baking soda, wearing a special fingertip or armed with a sterile napkin. Using these tools from the refrigerator (cool temperature) relieves the condition of the gums during teething. The procedure is performed every day for one minute. The first procedures for brushing the baby’s teeth are carried out by the parents within 20 seconds. Up to 2 years – it is recommended once a day, after – twice. The duration of a useful activity also gradually increases.
Adults need to work hard to make the routine fun. Options: “Do as dad (mom)!” Children love to copy the behavior of their elders. “Microbes are attacking!” In the proposed game plot, the beauty brush successfully fights against invisible enemies.
The taste of the toothpaste is fruity or chocolate. An attractively designed tube of paste should appeal to your baby. It is important to ensure that he does not swallow it. Chewing gum (sugar free). The product will restore the alkaline balance within 10 minutes. The child needs to be taught to treat gum chewing as a necessary hygienic procedure and finish it on time.
Regular examination by the dentist of the baby’s oral cavity, as well as the implementation of the received care recommendations, prevents dental problems in the future.